Welcome dear reader and in this guide, I will talk all about Taliban and Afghanistan War. Please keep a pace with me till the end to know everything better. Let’s get started!
Incident With The Taliban
that was really dangerous for me was the time that we need to distribute the books and notebooks to the very far village. I was working with an international organisation teaching the girls out there. So we put all the books in the back of the car.
Of course, my father in law and the driver accompany me. During the way crossing the road, we stopped by the Taliban. They keep everyone separate so they cannot listen to each other. So I was the only woman sitting out there. All the trunks and back of our cars were full of the books. I was really sure that this time they will definitely welcome me.
Frist Rule Of Taliban:
This was 1999 when the Taliban first rule of Afghanistan, they oppressed Afghans with laws drawn from tribal codes and a strict interpretation of Islam. Their control was total and brutal. Two decades later, the Taliban have taken back power.
Every year, I’ve seen how the Taliban they grew stronger. They have taken over Afghanistan twice, not because they’re good at governing. But because of the other actors in Afghanistan because of their failures, the country can stand falls to Taliban control. Afghanistan, Soviet troops were everywhere throughout the capital, and the country.
Moscow claimed they were there because they’d been invited. That version of events found few believers elsewhere.
Soviet Union Invasion
In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan Tabacon ally, the new communist Afghan government. Together they wanted to transform the country into a socialist state. But they faced resistance the Afghan crisis won’t be easily dismissed, and a glance at the map shows why
Afghanistan is a deeply divided country. At the time only a small fraction of the population lived in a few major cities, including some who supported the government. But the majority of Afghans lived in rural areas, where people were generally poor, conservative, and very devoted to Islam and tribal traditions from any authority came from tribal leaders of their respective ethnic groups, not the government in Aqaba. So when the Communist Afghan government tried to enforce land reforms and abolish social codes, rural Afghans revolted. They formed independent militias, but we’re collectively known as the Mujahideen.
They are scattered almost impossible to unite. They operate best in small groups and in their home mountains.
Soviet Army Vs Mujahideen:
The Soviet army managed to occupy the cities but met fierce resistance from the Mujahideen in rural areas. The Soviets responded by pounding the countryside with bombs, raising entire villages, but it galvanised more people to join the rebellion.
1000s of Muslim volunteers from around the world join the Mujahideen countries eager to gain influence in Afghanistan started arming and funding militias. Even the US sent weapons drain the Soviets their main rival.
The support allowed the Mujahideen to fight for 10 years. around a million Afghans died and 6 million were displaced. In 1989, the Soviets gave up and left three years after that the Afghan communist government fell, but the violence didn’t end. Mujahideen groups turned on each other. And by 1992, Afghanistan was consumed by civil war, door to door street to street road to road region to region, province to province there was always fighting
Women’s Rights under Taliban:
They start searching the houses to find if there is a beautiful or young woman so they can marry by force. It was rarely worse time.
Kandahar was especially violent. Several Mujahideen and criminal groups terrorize the population. In the spring of 1994. A group of locals here had enough they asked this man Mohammed Omar for help. He had fought in the Soviet war before becoming a teacher or a Mullah at an Islamic school called a madrasa.
He and a few other mullahs gathered some students and drove out the Mujahideen. When more students join, they captured the whole district, then Kandahar City. This group became known as the Taliban which means the students and Pashto as the sole militia in Kandahar, they brought peace for the first time in years. And that’s exactly why many people supported them.
Pashtun Ethnic Group ; Most Powerful One:
At this point, the Taliban were all members of Afghanistan’s largest ethnic group, the Pashtuns, which made it easier for them to take over the mostly Pashtun areas in the South. Then they moved west and north defeating some warlords and bribing others to join them. As they gain territory, they also found a way to fund their expansion.
By taking over these highways they raised millions through taxes, and by gaining control of Afghanistan’s Poppy growing regions. They profited from the illegal opium trade, but the most crucial support came from a neighbour. Pakistan was worried that one of these Mujahideen groups would take power and ally with its enemy India, effectively surrounding them. So they gave the Taliban tonnes of weapons early on. In September 1996. The Taliban entered Kabul and took control of Afghanistan.
Human Rights Under Taliban:
I had a good number of the students coming to my school. It was all done in secret. And one day the Taliban entered. So I stopped them in front of the door and I asked him to wait and my student just noticed that they hide the box, take out the holy grounds. What would have been the punishment if you’re there we’ll start beating me and same thing they will. They will do with the family of the girls.
Beating stonings and public executions are common punishments under the Taliban regime. It’s why most countries except Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the UAE refused to recognise them as a legitimate government. But the Taliban soon found other allies Most Wanted
Refusal Of Taliban Surrender Binladen:
terrorists in a world Osama bin Laden altered by Afghanistan’s ruling Taliban ruling Taliban’s refusal to surrender suspected terrorist Bin Laden the
US will hold Afghanistan responsible for any attack linked to bin Laden, there are obviously a very disturbing live shot there that is the World Trade Centre and after the 9/11 attacks, a US led coalition invaded Afghanistan to hunt down bin Laden and topple the Taliban.
With the help of these Mujahideen leaders, it took less than three months to capture Cobble. Bin Laden escaped, but the Taliban regime surrendered and asked for amnesty. The US refused.
Taliban Shift Towards Pakistan:
the Taliban leadership fled to Pakistan. While most fighters went into hiding in rural Afghanistan, then the US promised to rebuild the country and turn it into a democracy. It worked with the UN to set up an Afghan government and army and invaded Mujahideen leaders to run the local government. Then they gave the government billions of dollars to build roads, bridges, hospitals and utilities in the cities and rural areas. But many of those projects never took shape. The Afghan government was deeply corrupt and stole millions.
Us Iraq Invasion:
And 2003 the US invaded Iraq and diverted a lot of its money. What remained was spent mostly in the cities, while rural Afghanistan was neglected and increasingly under attack. While the US was trying to rebuild Afghanistan, it was simultaneously waging a war on it.
The American military was hunting down the Taliban and al Qaeda members, largely in these rural areas, and funding and arming these Mujahideen leaders in exchange for their help. But it all backfired. Drone strikes and nitrates increasingly killed innocent civilians and the Mujahideen leaders started terrorising people effectively becoming warlords.
Recruiting in Pakistan:
As early as 2004. The Taliban leadership regrouped in Pakistan and started recruiting fighters. Like the 90s. They attracted Pashtun fighters in the south and east. But this time they also attracted non Pashtuns, including Afghans from the west and north. But the thing that they have in common is that they are from rural Afghanistan. They had been harassed by the local authorities, they had relatives being killed by us aerial bombings, they were caught between a rock and a hard place, and they ended up choosing the high place and that was the Taliban.
Nato And Mujahideen Fights:
Soon there ambushing us NATO and Afghan troops, and introducing more sophisticated tactics like roadside bombs and suicide attacks. Enlisting diverse groups, even those that didn’t share their strict religious beliefs made it possible for the Taliban to take territory in many parts of the country.
For funding, they relied on familiar tactics, taxing highways, and trading Poppy. Plus, they continue to have helped from Pakistan not only protected Taliban leaders, but also armed, funded and train their fighters.
By 2008, the Taliban controlled huge swaths of rural Afghanistan and even threatened some cities. And as Commander in Chief, I have determined that it is in our vital national interest to send an additional 30,000 US troops to Afghanistan. In 2009, the US responded by sending a surge of troops for 18 months, they cleared major cities but couldn’t dislodge the Taliban from the rural areas.
In 2012, the US reduced its troops and relied on the Afghan government and army to lead the fight. But years of corruption had led many Afghans to distrust the government leaving room for the Taliban to start governing their own territories. But this version of the Taliban is governance was more flexible than their rule in the 90s.
Afghanistan Under Trump:
In February 2020, the Trump administration went straight to the Taliban to strike a deal. They agreed to leave Afghanistan in August 2021. The Biden administration delivered on that deal. As the final troops pulled out, the Taliban attacked.
The world watched as the Afghan army surrendered, the government fled, the Taliban entered Kabul unopposed. In September, the Taliban announced a new interim government and it looks familiar. Its top leadership is mostly Pashtun, many of whom served in the 1990s regime. But their base like their fighters is far more diverse, which makes this new regime unpredictable.
It will be a problem for the Taliban if they don’t tolerate the variation of interpretation of Islam in the movement, which could end up with a violent conflict between the different parties. I’m convinced that they haven’t agreed on what kind of Afghanistan they want right now.
There is a small window of hope. If the international community put force on the Taliban, just make sure that the woman’s and people have their basic needs access to education, access to job, access to freedom